l>Lesson I: The Metric System and SI Units
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A meter is 3.37 inches an ext than a yard.

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A liter is 1.82 fluid ounces an ext than a quart.
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A dime weighs about one gram.
IntroductionThe metric system is the preferred system of scientific units for numerous reasons:The majority of countries in the people employ the metric system of measurement.The prefixes attached to metric units lug the same definition for all base units.The metric system is based upon powers of ten, i m sorry is convenient because:A measurement in the metric system that is stood for by a reasonable number stays a rational numberafter metric unit conversion. (For example, 250 mm = 25 cm = .25 m). In contrast irrational unit systems, such as the English system, perform not have actually the same building (For example, 250 inches = 20.8333... Ft = 0.0039457... Mile)Because metric units are decimal-based, castle are quickly converted by relocating the decimal point.The terms mass and weight are frequently used interchangebly in chemistry. Strictly speaking, load is the force (F) linked with a offered mass (m) as it is sped up (a) by gravity: F = m × aThe English mechanism unit of massive is the slug, which once multiplied by the acceleration of gravity (32 ft/sec2) provides the load in pounds.Length
Metric basic UnitsThe metric device uses the complying with base units:Unit of MeasurementNameAbbreviation
Meterm
MassGramg
VolumeLiterL
Frequently the above units space too small or much more often too huge to as necessary scale the measured quantity. It is then important to subdivide or expand our measure unit. This will certainly be questioned in the ar on prefixes.

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The liter is not the SI unit the volume Volume is a unit obtained from length. The volume (V) the a cube that has actually length (l) = 1.0 cm, broad (w) = 1.0 cm, and height (h) is offered by:V = together × w × h = 1.0 centimeter × 1.0 cm × 1.0 cm= 1.0 cm3By definition, 1.0 cm3 = 1.0 mL
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It follows from dimensional evaluation that 1.0 dm3 = 1.0 L.SI Units
The metric-based Système international or SI devices are supplied to standardize the report or calculation of scientific quantities:Physical QuantityName the UnitAbbreviationLength
Meterm
MassKilogramkg
TemperatureKelvinK
TimeSeconds
Amount the SubstanceMolemolElectric CurrentAmpereILuminous IntensityLumenIv
The SI systems are used to construct all various other units (these room called acquired units
). Some examples:PropertySymbolDimensionsName
Velocityvm · s-1
AreaAm2
Frequencyvs-1Hertz (Hz)
ForceFkg · m · s-2Newton (N)
EnergyEkg · m2 · s-2Joule (J)
Exa-
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Outside the joined States, the word \"meter\" is order \"metre\" and also the native \"liter\" is order \"litre.\"
Metric Prefixes

To adjust the range of the basic units, prefixes are attached. A prefix to represent a factor whereby the basic unit need to be multiplied. Metric prefixes are provided below (The prefixes most-commonly used in chemistry are provided in red):PrefixSymbolDecimalValuePower the Ten

E1,000,000,000,000,000,0001018
Peta- P1,000,000,000,000,0001015
Tera- T1,000,000,000,0001012
Giga- G1,000,000,000109Mega- M1,000,000106Kilo- k1,000103Hecto- h100102Deka- da10101(no prefix)1100Deci-d0.110-1Centi-c0.0110-2Milli-m0.00110-3Micro-µ0.00000110-6Nano-n0.00000000110-9Pico-p0.00000000000110-12Femto-f0.00000000000000110-15Atto-a0.00000000000000000110-18
In enhancement to the base metric units, numerous other scientific quantities also employ this mechanism of prefixes:
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1 Mb = 1 Megabyte = 1 × 106 byte
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1 Food Calorie = 1 kcal= 1 kilocalorie = 1 × 103 calorie
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1 ns = 1 nanosecond = 1 × 10-9 second
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1 pf = 1 picofarad = 1 × 10-12 farad
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1 kWH = 1 kiloWatt·hour = 1 × 103 Watt·hour
The metric prefixes can be employed to scale the base systems so that they can represent anything native a very large numeric worth (for instance by making use of prefixes such as Exa, Tera, or Mega) to a very tiny numeric worth (for exampleby making use of prefixes such as Atto, Femto, or Pico). Scaling the unit increase or down when reporting dimensions is good practice because:It deserve to be supplied to keep the numeric worth of measurements to reasonably-sized numbers, say between values that 0.01 come 100.It can be used to remove ambiguous place-holding zeroes in measurments, so that the number of significant figures are appropriately represented.The prefixes instantly convey how plenty of decimal ar moves are forced of the numeric value. For example, making use of the scientific notation worth of the metric prefixes):1 centimeter = 1 centimeter = 1 × 10-2 meter = 0.01 meter1 kg = 1 kilogram = 1 × 103 gram = 1000 gram1 µL= 1 microliter = 1 × 10-6 liter = 0.000001 literFor further explanation the unit interconversion making use of the metric prefixes as conversion factors, visit the dimensional evaluation page. In enhancement to the conventional metric prefixes, the Ångstrom is also a commonly used unit that arises in dimensions on the atomic scale:1 Ångstrom = 1 Å = 1 × 10-10 meter
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