Head-on collisions are scary, and also they have the right to leave people seriously injured or worse. If you’ve remained in a head-on accident or have actually lost a family members member, girlfriend might have the ability to recover costs linked with those injuries or wrongful death.

You are watching: When facing a head on collision you need to immediately


A head-on collision (also called a “frontal” crash) is when cars driving in opposite directions crash front to front. Any type of car accident can cause injury, but statistics display that head-on crashes space even more likely to an outcome in serious damage or fatality to the driver or passenger in either vehicle.

The insurance allowance Institute for Highway security reported a 58% fatality price for automobile occupants in frontal influence crashes in 2017. A head-on crash is an ext likely in a rural area, and also 13% of all rural fatal crashes room head-ons. In city areas, fewer than 7% of deadly crashes room head-ons.

The chart listed below compares number of fatalities and also injuries as they relate come the total number of crashes in 2015, together reported by the united state Department that Transportation, national Highway Traffic security Administration.

Type that collision and also crash severityFatalInjuryTotalSource: Insurance details Institute, 2015
NumberPercent of complete fatal crashesNumberPercent of full injury crashesNumberPercent of complete crashes
32,76810.2%70,0004.1%143,0002.3%

Causes of head-on collisions

Sometimes one accident is simply that—an accident. It could happen because that a mechanical reason choose brake fail or a strength steering outage.

But usually, a head-on accident is led to when one driver is top top the wrong next of the road. Often, it’s because of drunk or distracted steering (like driving if texting), unsafe passing, drowsy driving, or some various other kind of confusion behind the wheel choose an elderly human who accidentally beginning a highway in the not correct direction.


y2kcenter.org tip: never look at your mobile phone while driving. It just takes a second or 2 for a auto to drift end the median right into oncoming traffic. Likewise, if you’re too exhausted to drive, avoid for a rest. Fatigue has similar effects on her body together drinking alcohol. A drunk driver have the right to still try to reaction while steering slowly, yet a drowsy driver have the right to spontaneously nod turn off while continuing to drive at high speed.

There are other reasons why a driver can swerve into the the contrary lane, prefer if they’re preventing an animal, debris in the road, or one icy patch.

Establishing fault in a head-on collision

That’s the an initial question that your insurance firm will want answered.

The influence of a crash might send each auto in a different direction, which means it can be difficult to know immediately how the crash occurred. Your an individual injury attorney have the right to retain the services of an technician or accident restoration specialist who’ll recognize the reason of the accident and who was at fault.


y2kcenter.org tip: when proving that was responsible for a auto accident, “fault” method “legal liability.” The human being who’s liable for an accident must pay damages to the injured human being or the surviving family members.

If girlfriend were hurt or lost a family member in a head-on collision, the at-fault driver’s insurance company should pay your claim. However the an initial step is the you need to establish that the various other driver to be at fault.

Unfortunately, whether it’s an insurance case or if it i do not care a personal injury lawsuit, the burden of proof is top top the plaintiff (the injured person or survivors) to develop what they’re owed by the defendant (the at-fault driver).

Here’s what to look for:

Negligence. A driver is negligent if their conduct was exterior of what’s expected of a reasonable person. This can be control the wrong way on a one-way street, entering a highway making use of an off-ramp, or control with excessive speed.

Fault solution by state

States manage fault differently. The court will recognize the liability of both next in a head-on car accident. If the various other driver to be intoxicated and also swerved right into your lane, the court might determine that he was 95% in ~ fault. However, it could likewise determine that if you had actually reacted seconds sooner and also swerved out of the way, the accident might not have actually happened. If that’s the finding, the court would apportion girlfriend 5% the liability.

What happens from that allude depends on the state whereby the case is handled.


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Fault systems by State

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Crucial evidence to prove legal responsibility in a head-on collision

There are steps you deserve to take to combine your situation after a automobile accident. The nature that head-on collisions renders it much more likely the you would be severely injured, whether you’re the driver or a passenger. Your an initial priority is come get aid for everyone who’s injured. If you’re able, call 911 and also get emergency responders come the scene as quick as possible.

Once you’ve got emergency clinical treatment and are may be to resolve the legal and also insurance matters, start to gather evidence. Acquire a copy of the police report and also all clinical records connected with the crash.

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Next, above an experienced personal injury lawyer. Even if your insurance is managing the claim, as soon as it’s a large settlement or there room questions about fault, it’s crucial to obtain an attorney involved as soon as friend can. Your lawyer will job-related on gathering extr evidence, retaining experts, and determining what you deserve in damages.

If friend don’t already have a lawyer girlfriend know and trust, the y2kcenter.org an individual Injury regulation Firm directory is a great place to begin in recognize an attorney that will best represent her interests.


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