In French, when using the word “cold” or “hot”, there are different constructions: c’est froid, elle est froide, j’ai chaud, il fait chaud… This lesson explains which expression to use in what condition, and whether the adjectives “froid” and “chaud” take a E.
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I hear many mistakes from my Skype students with these two adjectives, and these mistakes sound bad in French, can lead to an embarrassing situation with a sexual meaning… However they can easily be avoided. So follow my explanation and make sure you understand it well to never make these mistakes again!
1 – J’ai Chaud / J’ai Froid – Feeling Hot or Cold in French
To talk about how you are feeling, whether you feel cold or warm, we use the construction: AVOIR chaud/ avoir froid.
It is quite confusing for English speakers because in English the verb to be – être in French. But in French, we don’t use “être”, we use “avoir”. So it’s important that when memorizing this notion, you link the French words to the feeling of being cold/warm, not to the English words, because translating will not work.
“Avoir” will agree with the subject; “chaud”/”froid” will never change.
J’ai chaud – I am warmIls ont froid – They are cold
Expressions with “avoir” (and “faire”) are listed in the second chapter of the workbook of my French Audiobook and novel à Moi Paris L2.