I composed this write-up in 2002 together an essay for psych 101. The reason it is digital is since this is my initial exploration of contents SEO.
You are watching: What do humanistic and psychoanalytic have in common
Psychology is the research of the mind. There space a couple of different methods to examine the psychic and all of them have actually their own far-reaching contributions come the field. The psychodynamic view and the humanistic view space both distinct in that they are virtually complete polar opposites within the ar of psychology. Both have made far-ranging contributions and also have been a platform for various views, though they differ in their approaches completely. Both views must be discover and combined to type a usual ground in order to keep proceeding the study and also treatment the the mind.
The objectives of psychodynamic and humanistic therapists are really different.
The psychodynamic view was arisen by Sigmund Freud. He thought that behavior was deeply influenced by unconscious thoughts, impulses, and desires, especially concerning sex and also aggression. His goal was to deal with the internal problems that lead to emotional suffering. Freud claimed that "patients can only mean to change their hysterical misery into usual unhappiness." The humanity therapist would take a very different look at this.
The objectives of the humanistic therapist differ from Freud's psychodynamic view in that they seek to recognize how world perceive themselves and experience the world. That is pertained to with understanding subjective human being needs. Humanists think that aware thoughts and feelings shape behavior. They believe in accountability and self-actuality, and also that everyone can reach self-actuality by moving through Maslow's hierarchy of needs. This differs to the Freudian institution of psychodynamics because he go not believe that all of his patients could be happy.
Optimism versus Pessimism
Humanists and psychodynamicists not just differ in their goals, but additionally in your views on personality as well. The psychodynamic see is much more negative and also pessimistic, conversely, the humanistic check out is that mainly all human being are good.
Psychodynamics believes that behavior is determined, if the humanist trust that behavior is cost-free choice and complimentary will. In psychodynamics, motives room rooted in sex and also aggression while humanists' motives space tilted towards the quest of self-actualization. Psychodynamics denotes three aspects of the personality: Id, Ego, and also Superego. The Id looks for pleasure, the Ego is the thinker and also planner, and the Superego is the voice of reason. Humanists are an ext simplistic, believing in a combined self and that "people just are who they are."
Views on human being DevelopmentPsychodynamics puts forth a an extremely different see on child advance from humanism.
The Freudian and psychodynamic see of human development is based upon psychosexual stages as follows:Oral (age 0-1) concentrates on sucking and also survival Anal (ages 1-3) concentrates on potty cultivate Phallic (ages 3-6) focuses on adult characteristics such as vanity and prideGenital, which starts with the start of puberty.
The humanistic check out is really different from Freud's check out of development and describes an ongoing breakthrough of self-image in which experiences form self-image in a optimistic or negative way.
Differing Therapeutic Techniques
The method to therapy differs greatly between psychodynamic and also humanistic therapy.The therapist's function in psychodynamic treatment is authoritative, and also they have tendency to recognize what will be talked around during a session. In humanity therapy, the therapist takes an objective function and listens come what the patient has to say. That is more non-directed and the patient have the right to decide what will be questioned during the session. The is stated in humanistic therapy, the therapist provides methods for change, but it is approximately the patient to proactively solve his or her own problems.The psychodynamic approach deals through unconscious thoughts and also conflicts, normally stemming indigenous repressed storage or sexual energy. The humanist therapist trust in aware acts and that humans make their own decisions, no unconscious drives. They encouraging duty for their actions by focusing on bringing emotions right into the present and dealing with them.
Do Psychodynamic and also Humanistic Therapies have actually Anything in Common?
A lot of research has actually been done on these two very different approaches. However, there have been no brand-new views the have an unified humanism v psychodynamics to make use of the best of both. Scientific research supports the idea that the mindful cannot role without the unconscious. By combine the humanistic and psychodynamic check out to emphasis on the conscious and also unconscious as equally responsible parts for the reason of mental disorders, we could further research about the mind and the behavior.
There is no ideal or wrong once it pertains to different viewpoints to psychology. The key differences in between the psychodynamic view and humanistic view are the goals, development, causes, and treatments; and also in every area, both views have made significant contributions. By combining the two views into one harmonious holistic view, a healthier approach to dealing with the mind and psychological disorders might be formed. The new view would take all components of the mind and also body, conscious and also unconscious, into consideration, leading to a more powerful diagnosis and also treatment in the end.
Psychodynamic therapy vs mankind TherapyWhat technique Do You next With?
Psychodynamics- I prefer Freud's Approach
Joy: give thanks to you very much for this comprehensive information now am prepared to go and also write mine counseling exam
Luke Tomlinson: Freud is an pure lad
Sk Farid: Thanks
anonymous: castle both work and they both have actually their weaknesses. I favor to recognize what causes things, beliefs, emotions and behaviors but I likewise accept that periodically there is no explanation, only here and also now. Top top balance, I find the Psychodynamic approach much more appealing due to the fact that it offers my logical brain succor however I don't pretend every little thing can be turned right into an equation. I simply think, ~ above the whole, I desire to understand how and why and also what ns can't know, for now, ns will simply accept.
MervynGoh: i deserve to say the psychology is not just studying that our mind but us must additionally learn exactly how to control it and also with that, we have the right to make the utmost potential out of it. We have the right to master our mind and also design ours destiny. Many thanks for sharing too.
Humanism- I like the Holistic Approach
Pirakhas: Humanistik is completely diffrent with pscchodynamik because humanistik belive that human are great and if they any kind of problem it should be envoirement or moviing maslow needs.
anonymous: i think human have a freewill to carry out what we like.
kwj: ns guess a holistic approach would encompass Freuds ideas too
DMVAgent: I like humanism over psychodynamics. Ns personally think that some of Freud's view are too fringy. However, if I execute psychotherapy I usage a "salad" of techniques and perspective based on what fits the client. :)
MattKay: I absolutely favor one eclectic approach to psychology but if I had to pick only one ns would favor Humanism based on what i know about each. Psychodynamics have actually merit however Freud's interpretation of the facility of the human psyche is a bit eccentric for my tastes.
Lorelei Cohen: Humanistic
Mandy: I prefer the holistic technique to treatment. A person should it is in treated together a whole and guided to lead a healthy and balanced lifestyle in order to boost their quality of life.
This content is accurate and also true to the finest of the author’s knowledge and also is not supposed to substitute for formal and also individualized advice indigenous a qualified professional.
© 2010 Mandy
Would You choose To add Anything?
Verity on October 15, 2019:
This is, in ~ best, *extremely* inaccurate ~ above psychodynamic theory and approach and, in ~ worst, an ill-informed gross misrepresentation the it. Psychodynamic theory/therapy is NOT negative in its assumptions or approach and it is most definitely not the situation in any method whatsoever the the "therapy is authoritative" and that the therapist "tends to identify what will certainly be speak about" — the contrary is the case, actually, because the psychodynamic therapeutic room by its really nature belongs to the human in therapy, no the therapist.
Jonathan ~ above June 20, 2018:
This is an extremely inaccurate. At the very least, it appears as though the writer has perplexed a strictly psychoanalytic approach with psychodynamic therapies. Psychoanalytic therapists room not negative, but they do believe that her background influences your choices. They room STILL well-known as selections - AKA: free WILL. The statement around research excellent on these therapies is false; every of this theories are really hard to study empirically.
Please execute not use this as a reference.
Stephane Farley ~ above June 09, 2018:
Thank you because that sharing with us this has actually helped me have more faith in the system.
fofo on July 08, 2017:
very great and clear explaning
mrandersong on march 18, 2014:
It depends on the person. We all have various approaches come life and one method might job-related for one person and not the other. I personally believe in Holistic theory since it functions for me. The human being mind is a very complicated place so come say one works better than the various other is just arrogant.
kwj ~ above February 23, 2013:
Thought provoking I will read an ext now.
anonymous on September 14, 2012:
This is a pistol misrepresentation the psychodynamic therapy
anonymous top top October 26, 2011:
It is very worthwhile reading this because it is succinct, clear and also thought provoking.
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Varelli top top July 14, 2011:
What an attractive subject. Good lens, thumbs up!
moonlitta ~ above July 05, 2011:
That is helpful and well explained...Squid angel blessed too:)
Lorelei Cohen from Canada top top June 23, 2011:
You have done an absolutely amazing project on this lens. Say thanks to you for putting so much initiative into this. It shows.