Your musculoskeletal system has bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments and soft tissues. They job-related together to support your body’s weight and assist you move. Injuries, disease and aging can cause pain, stiffness and also other difficulties with movement and function. You have the right to keep her musculoskeletal system solid by regulating your as whole health.

You are watching: Leverage protection and blood cell production are primarily functions of


What is the musculoskeletal system?

Your musculoskeletal system includes your bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and also connective tissues. Her skeleton provides a framework for her muscles and other soft tissues. Together, they assistance your body weight, keep your attitude and assist you move.

A wide variety of disorders and also conditions deserve to lead to difficulties in the musculoskeletal system. Aging, injuries, congenital anomalies (birth defects) and an illness can cause pain and also limit movement.

You can keep her musculoskeletal system healthy by focusing on your in its entirety health. Eat a well balanced diet, maintain a healthy and balanced weight, exercise regularly and also see her provider for checkups.


How does the musculoskeletal mechanism work?

The nervous mechanism (your body command center) controls her voluntary muscle movements. Voluntarily muscles are ones you regulate intentionally. Some involve huge muscle groups to do tasks like jumping. Rather use smaller sized movements, choose pushing a button. Movements happen when:

Your nervous device (brain and nerves) sends a blog post to activate your skeletal (voluntary) muscles.Your muscle yarn contract (tense up) in response to the message.When the muscle activates or bunches up, it pulls on the tendon. Tendons connect muscles come bones.The tendon pulls the bone, making the move.To be sure the muscle, your nervous device sends an additional message. That triggers the muscle to be safe or deactivate.The peaceful muscle publication tension, relocating the bone to a relaxing position.

What room the components of the musculoskeletal system?

The musculoskeletal mechanism works to assist you stand, sit, walk, run and also move. Adult bodies have 206 bones and an ext than 600 muscles, associated by ligaments, tendons and also soft tissues.

The components of the musculoskeletal mechanism are:

Bones: Bones of every shapes and sizes assistance your body, protect organs and tissues, keep calcium and fat and also produce blood cells. A bone’s hard exterior shell surrounds a spongy center. Bones administer structure and kind for your body. They job-related with muscles, tendons, ligaments and also other connective organization to help you move.Cartilage: A kind of connective tissue, cartilage cushions skeletal inside your joints, along your spine and also in her ribcage. Firm, rubbery cartilage protects bones from rubbing against each other. You likewise have cartilage in your nose, ears, pelvis and also lungs.Joints: Bones come with each other to kind joints. Some joints have a huge range the motion, such as the ball-and-socket shoulder joint. Other joints, prefer the knee, enable bones come move back and forth yet not rotate.Muscles: Each muscle is make of hundreds of stretchy fibers. Her muscles allow you to move, sit upright and stay still. Some muscles aid you run, dance and also lift. You usage others to compose your name, fasten a button, talk and also swallow.Ligaments: Made of challenging collagen fibers, ligaments affix bones and help stabilize joints.Tendons: Tendons connect muscles come bones. Make of fibrous tissue and also collagen, tendons are tough yet not an extremely stretchy.

Conditions and Disorders

What conditions and also disorders affect the musculoskeletal system?

Hundreds of problems can cause problems v the musculoskeletal system. They can influence the method you move, speak and also interact with the world. Some of the most common reasons of musculoskeletal pain and movement troubles are:

How typical are this conditions?

Everyone has pain in your muscles and joints from time come time. One of the most typical musculoskeletal problems is back pain, particularly low ago pain. An ext than 80% of people in the United claims have earlier pain in ~ some point in their lives. Arthritis is also really common. More than 54 million adult in the U.S. Have actually arthritis. Damaged bones, sprains and also strains take place to millions of human being every year. Most people recover from these injuries there is no long-term health problems.


How can I store musculoskeletal device healthy?

The best way to take treatment of your musculoskeletal mechanism is come maintain great health overall. To store your bones and muscles healthy, you should:

Exercise regularly, and be certain to include a combination of weight-bearing exercises and also cardiovascular activity. Strengthening her muscles deserve to support her joints and protect them from damage.Get many of sleep so her bones and also muscles have the right to recover and also rebuild.Maintain a healthy and balanced weight. Extra pounds put push on her bones and also joints, resulting in a range of wellness problems. If you carry extra weight, speak to her provider around a healthy weight-loss plan.Make healthy food choices, including a well balanced diet that fruits and vegetables, lean protein and also milk for solid bones.Quit smoking and also avoid tobacco. cigarette smoking decreases blood flow throughout her body. Your bones, muscles and soft tissues need adequate blood circulation to stay healthy.


Frequently inquiry Questions

When have to I speak to doctor?

Talk to your provider if you have pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased range of activity or difficulties moving. Watch your provider ideal away if any kind of of these alters happen suddenly. Suddenly problems might be a authorize of a serious condition.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Everyone has actually muscle aches and pains native time come time. Return you might not be able to prevent all strains, sprains and broken bones, you can keep your musculoskeletal system healthy. Maintaining great overall health will reduced your danger of disease and injuries. And staying healthy will help you heal quicker if girlfriend do acquire injured. By seeing your provider regularly, regulating your weight and also taking treatment of yourself, you’ll protect your bones and muscles so they can keep protecting you.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit scholastic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic commodities or services.Policy

Cleveland Clinic offers professional diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation for bone, joint or connective tissue disorders and rheumatic and immunologic diseases.

See more: Taxonomic Groups In Order From Largest To Smallest, Classification

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Declaring on our site helps assistance our mission. We execute not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic assets or services.Policy

More wellness news + info


Show More
on facebook Twitter YouTube Instagram LinkedIn Pinterest Snapchat
ActionsAppointments & AccessAccepted InsuranceEvents CalendarFinancial AssistanceGive come Cleveland ClinicPay her Bill OnlineRefer a PatientPhone DirectoryVirtual second OpinionsVirtual access time
About Cleveland Clinic100 year of Cleveland ClinicAbout UsLocationsQuality & patient SafetyOffice of Diversity & InclusionPatient ExperienceResearch & InnovationsCommunity CommitmentCareersFor EmployeesResources for Medical specialists
9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 | 800.223.2273 | © 2021 Cleveland Clinic. All civil liberties Reserved.