Knowing also a couple of Spanish phrases is really valuable if you’re discovering Spanish or planning to visit a Spanish-speaking country. Even much more so if you’re life in such a country.
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There room lots of good reasons to find out Spanish, and also if you want to spend any length the time in regions where Spanish is spoken, below are part really beneficial Spanish words and phrases the can help you make the many of your visit.
How to Say “Good Morning” in Spanish
“The morning” in Spanish is la mañana, but if you desire to wish someone a good morning you have to say buenos días, i beg your pardon literally means ‘good days" (note the plural). You"ll never ever hear someone great you a ‘buena mañana" – don"t ask me why.
If you’re into Spanish grammar, note that día is among the rarely Spanish words that ends in one ‘-a" however is masculine, for this reason it"s buenos días, not buenas días.
How come Say “Goodnight” in Spanish
Like with buenos días, to wish someone goodnight in Spanish you need to say that in the plural: buenas noches. Similarly, “good evening” is buenas tardes.
In English we usually don"t to speak “goodnight” as a greeting; it"s much more often provided when friend or the human being you"re talking to are around to walk to bed. Spanish is not prefer this – buenas noches have the right to be offered as a greeting as well as a farewell, listed it"s the ideal time that day.
So when"s the best time of work to use buenas noches? Spanish doesn"t really distinguish in between the ‘afternoon" and the ‘evening" in the same method that English does; there"s only the tarde, i m sorry starts in ~ noon, and the noche, the night. Generally you"d to speak buenas tardes from midday till sunset, in ~ which suggest you"d begin saying buenas noches.
How come Say “Hello” in Spanish
We"ve covered “good morning” and “goodnight”, however we mustn"t forget the most simple Spanish greeting of castle all: hola, which method “hello”.
Hola, that course, can be said at any time the day, and also it"s by far the most common method of greeting someone in Spanish.
How to Say “I Love You” in Spanish
Spanish has two key ways of saying “I love you”.
The more common one is te quiero, i beg your pardon literally method “I want you”, however is supplied in many of the same ways we"d to speak “love” in English – e.g. Talking to your boyfriend or girl friend or to your family.
The much more literal translation of “love” is amar. Te amo implies much an ext serious feelings 보다 those conveyed by te quiero. If you"re explicate non-romantic love, e.g. Because that a relative, you need to stick v ‘te quiero".
How to Say “Happy Birthday” in Spanish
A date of birth in Spanish is a cumpleaños, a combination of the indigenous año, meaning “year”, and cumplir, which, among many other possible translations, have the right to mean “to turn”, together in “to turn X years old”. On your 5th cumpleaños, you cumples cinco años (turn five). And to great someone a happy birthday, you say feliz cumpleaños.
What around the song ”Happy Birthday”? Naturally, there"s a Spanish version that offers the exact same melody – but different Spanish-speaking countries actually have their own versions the the lyrics. Because that example, here"s the variation you"re most likely to hear in Spain:
Cumpleaños feliz,cumpleaños feliz,te deseamos (name),cumpleaños feliz.
And there are many more versions.
How to Say “Thank you” in Spanish
To thank someone in Spanish, simply say gracias.
If you"re feeling an especially grateful, friend can include emphasis through muchas gracias or also muchísimas gracias. The verb ‘to thank" deserve to be analyzed as dar gracias (to give thanks).
How come Say “You"re Welcome” in Spanish
In English we have several means of speak “you"re welcome”, and also Spanish is no different. When you to speak gracias to somebody, probably the many common an answer you"ll hear is de nada (“it’s nothing”), yet you might likewise hear mucho gusto (“my pleasure”), no hay de qué (“not in ~ all!”), or las que tú tienes.
Despite what TV and movies can have made friend believe, “no problem” in Spanish is not no problemo! Problemo isn"t even a actual Spanish native (it"s problema), however even if the was, no problemo still wouldn"t work since you can"t pole no prior to a noun prefer that. If friend really want to literally to speak ‘no problem", to speak no hay problema, sin problemas, or ningún problema.
How to Say “How space You?” in Spanish
A common method to to speak “how are you?” in Spanish is ¿qué tal?, i m sorry could also be translated as “what"s up?” or “how space things?”
An alternative is ¿cómo estás?, or ¿cómo está? – the latter being much more formal since it way you"re addressing the other human being as usted quite than tú.
When someone asks friend ¿qué tal? or cómo estás, you deserve to simply reply with bien come let them recognize you"re okay.
How to Say “I miss out on You” in Spanish
There room two typical ways come say “I miss out on you” in Spanish: te extraño and te echo de menos. The previous is generally an ext common in Latin America, when the last is much more common in Spain, although one of two people would most likely be construed in both places.
How to Say “Yes” in Spanish
“Yes” in Spanish is sí, return Spanish speakers have a propensity to say it over and also over again in rapid-fire as soon as they can have just said the once: ¡sísísísísísí!.
Make certain you compose sí through the accent when you mean ‘yes". Si there is no an interval is pronounced the exact same way, but means “if”.
How to Say “Tomorrow” in Spanish
Mañana, discussed earlier, way both “tomorrow” and also “morning”. This sounds choose it can get confusing, yet it"s virtually always clean from the context which one is meant.
If you desire to to speak “tomorrow morning”, don"t to speak mañana mañana! The correct translation is mañana por la mañana (tomorrow in the morning).
How to Say “Why” in Spanish
To ask someone ‘why" in Spanish, speak ¿por qué? – literally “for what?”
To respond to ¿por qué?, you could need words porque, which method “because”. Castle look and also sound similar, however note the porque is emphasize on the an initial syllable, while ¿por qué? has an ext stress top top the second word. (There"s likewise the noun el porqué, which way “the reason”.)
A fun small expression you could find comfortable is porque sí, i m sorry literally way “because yes”. Porque sí is something you can say as soon as someone asks friend a inquiry with ¿por qué? however you don"t want to give a actual explanation. It"s the identical to responding to a “why?” inquiry in English with the solitary word “because!” – it"s a humorous means of answering without actually answering.
Numbers in Spanish
To understand numbers in Spanish, very first you should learn exactly how to counting to twenty:0 – cero1 – uno2 – dos3 – tres4 – cuatro5 – cinco6 – seis7 – siete8 – ocho9 – nueve10 – diez11 – once12 – doze13 – trece14 – catorce15 – quince16 – dieciséis17 – diecisiete18 – dieciocho19 – diecinueve20 – veinte
(Note the 16-19 are particularly easy to remember due to the fact that they"re simply developed by combining diez, ten, and also a smaller sized number.)
Next friend should learn the continuing to be multiples of ten:30 – treinta40 – cuarenta50 – cincuenta60 – sesenta70 – setenta80 – ochenta90 – noventa100 – cien
To fill in the gaps, just observe some examples and the pattern have to be obvious:21 – veintiuno22 – veintidós23 – veintitrés31 – treinta y uno41 – cuarenta y uno57 – cincuenta y siete58 – cincuenta y ocho59 – cincuenta y nueve
When it involves really huge numbers, keep in mind that Spanish offers the long scale naming system, definition that when a “billion” in English has actually nine zeroes ~ above the end (which Spanish speakers call simply mil millones, a thousands millions), a billón in Spanish has actually twelve zeroes (what English speakers speak to a “trillion”).
On the subject of big numbers, in English we frequently write them v a comma every three digits to assist readability, e.g. “1,000,000”, yet in Spanish you use a full stop (that’s a “period” because that the American readers) for the same purpose: “1.000.000”. Similarly, in Spanish you use a comma because that the decimal point, so e.g. The number that we write as “1,499.99” would generally be composed as “1.499,99” in many Spanish-speaking countries.
Days that the main in Spanish
The work of the main in Spanish space simply:Monday – lunesTuesday – martesWednesday – miércolesThursday – juevesFriday – viernesSaturday – sábadoSunday – domingo
Remember that in Spanish, unequal in English, job of the week space not written with a funding letter.
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Months in SpanishJanuary – eneroFebruary – febreroMarch – marzoApril – abrilMay – mayoJune – junioJuly – julioAugust – agostoSeptember – septiembreOctober – octubreNovember – noviembreDecember – diciembre
Like job of the week, month name in Spanish are likewise not capitalised.
Colours in Spanish
Like English, Spanish has actually an enormous number of words for various colours, including obscure and fancy words (azure, fuschia) that virtually never gain used. Right here are the most important ones you need to know:blue – azulyellow – amarillored – rojoorange – anaranjadowhite – blancoblack – negrobrown – marróngreen – verdegrey – gris