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A Grammatical thesaurus of botanical Latin

You are watching: Ancient greece words that start with y

The letter \"y\" is supplied in factory Latin come transliterate the Greek upsilon and was not originally component of the roman alphabet. Because that this reason, most timeless Latin dictionaries have no entry because that Latin words start in \"y\". Both the letters z and y were presented in Rome for the order of words of Greek origin during the time when the roman Republic to be coming to its end.Note: the quick (Roman) \"u\" occasionally represented the Greek upsilon, \"fuga\" deriving from (Greek script) phuge, cuminum from (Greek script) kuminon (Lewis & Short).All Greek words start with \"u\" (upsilon) room transcribed as \"y.\"The Latin \"u\" is not the exact same as the Greek \"u\" (upsilon). At various periods the Romans supplied the symbol \"v\" because that both the Latin \"u\" vowel and the \"v\" consonant, as deserve to be viewed on roman inscriptions. In most classic dictionaries the vowel and also the consonant have actually their very own respective symbols, the \"u\" and the \"v.\" because that either of this letters check out the introductions come the \"u\" and \"v\" sections.The shape of the funding letter \"Y\" in English script is also the form of the resources letter for \"upsilon\" in Greek script: \"Y.\"
The letter \"y\" of the English alphabet represents a consonant at the start of a word (\"yes\"), however when ‘y’ is a prefix or arising medially or terminally in an English word, that is a vowel. The letter concerns English through the Latin, yet it represents a mix the sounds, a conflation of Anglo-Saxonisms and also Latin, and the influence of orthographic patterns throughout the background of the English language space too complex to present here.In the ICBN (2006), 60.4, the letter w and y are proclaimed to be permissible in Latin tree names, yet letters in ligatures otherwise foreign to those that Latin or Greek \"are to it is in transcribed.\"The upsilon shows up to be the just Greek vowel that always has the spiritus asper at the start of a word. That is always aspirated, so one may say that the upsilon together the an initial letter the a native is constantly transliterated as \"hy-.\" NOTE: in section 60A.2 the the Vienna (2006) password p. 110, the spiritus asper associated with early stage vowels and the letter \"r\" in Greek is to it is in transliterated right into Botanical Latin together the letter \"h\"
NOTE should be taken the the spiritus asper, or \"h\" just occurs as soon as the upsilon is at the start of a indigenous (which might account because that why early stage \"y\", in English, is considered a consonant). As soon as the upsilon wake up medially or terminally, the \"h\" is no written, the is, the upsilon is not aspirated. Thus it may appear startling that the \"h\" in \"hydrous\" is not written in Latin in a compound wherein \"hydrous\" is the terminal word element. Latin transcription of Gk. Hydrus,-a,-um (adj.A), hydrous: - link anydrus ,-a,-um (adj.A) (an + hydros) Engl. Hydrous, anhydrous - parydrus,-a,-um (adj.A) (para + -ydros), the final -a- that para is elided, and there is no \"h\" prior to the u the -hydros: Engl. Parhydrous \"living close to the water.\" - philydrus,-a,-um (adj.A) (philos + -ydros), Eng. Philhydrous, \"water-loving.\" - philydrelos, \"abounding in moisture\" (philos + hydrelos) - philymnos (philos + hymnos) \"loving song\" - philypnos (philos + hypnos) \"loving sleep.\" - however, with epi the last -i- is elided, but the \"p\" i do not care \"ph\" before the \"y\": ephydrous (epi + hydros), \"growing top top the water,\" the \"ph\" is rendered in Greek with the Greek letter \"phi\" note that in English, the \"h\" is conveniently inserted: anhydrous, parhydrous, philhydrous. NOTE: compound of \"hypnum,\" a Greek word for some Cryptogamic plant, such as a moss, would follow this rule, where the \"h\" is no transcribed as soon as the indigenous \"hypnum\" is no initial (but medial or terminal). Share names the mosses whereby \"hypnum\" is terminal would then it is in compounds that a prefix + ypnum,-i (s.n.II): Tomentypnum - however, Crum and also Anderson (1981) shown the spelling to be \"Tomenthypnum\" Loeske., \"tomentum\" + \"(h)ypnum\" The genus Pseudohygrohypnum is exciting as the aspiration wake up in two non initial aspects beginning v upsilon (hygro and hypnum). Maybe the correct transcripted word would certainly be Pseudoygroypnum! Hygrohypnum Lindberg is most likely correct together the \"h\" below is inserted in between two vowels (rather 보다 Hygroypnum); Pseudohygrohypnum. Haplohymenium Dozy & Molk. (nom.cons.) might bear part scrutiny in this respect, as would Platyhypnidium or any kind of genus compounded native a genus do from a Greek word start with Hy- (initial upsilon).
The rho or \"r\" that the Greek alphabet in ~ the start of a word also nearly universally is created in Greek through the spiritus asper, and is transliterated \"rh-.\" See advent to the \"r\" section.Note the the \"u\", or upsilon in the Greek diphthongs au, eu, ou and ui is no transliterated right into Latin with a \"y\":Greek Transliteration Latinau au aueu (also eta u) eu euou u ui ui uiSee listed below \"ypsil-, ypsili-, ypsilo-: in Gk. Comp. Y-shaped;\" for conversation of the spiritus asper and also lenis, view \"spirit;\" .Note: if all Greek words beginning with upsilon have the spiritus asper then the word \"upsilon\" should itself it is in pronounced hypsilon <(h)u psilon>, I have never viewed a recommendation for this joint or a transliteration v the \"h\"; it is always talked as if it had actually a spiritus lens mark.When seek the derivation of a Greek word beginning with \"hy-,\" one should go right to \"u\" in a Greek dictionary, towards the end, together upsilon is the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet, every entrance of which has the spiritus asper (see spirit).
NOTE: Hypoxis L. Native an old surname hypoxys, \"somewhat acid,\" the \"y\" (in Gk. Upsilon) in -ys is transliterated as ‘i’, for this reason -is, so the it conforms to comparable ending Latin nouns of the 3rd Declension, maybe with slate \"Hypoxidis.\" NOTE: the Greek diphthong \"ou\" is transliterated \"u\" in the roman inn script.EXAMPLES: Hyptis Jacq. Indigenous Greek (h)yptios, resupinate \"in reference to the deflexed reduced lip the the corolla\" (Fernald 1950; Labiatae). Hyssopus L. Old Greek surname <(h)yssopos, (first \"o\"= omega)>. Hystrix Moench: indigenous Greek hysterix, gen.sg. Hysterichos (sg. M. & f. III) a hedgehog, porcupine. Hybanthus Jacq. Greek hybos, hump-backed, and anthos, flower. Lathyrus L. Cf. Greek lathyris, a sort of tree (wolf\"s-milk) and also Greek Lathyros, a plant, likewise called by the Romans leontopodion (Lewis & Short), additionally a tree of Theophrastus \"the name frequently said to be created of the prefix, la, very, and also thyros, passionate, the initial plant considered to it is in an aphrodisiac\" Fernald 1950. Lychnis L. \"ancient greek surname for a scarlet or flame-colored species, indigenous lychnos, a flame\" (Fernald 1950) Lycopodium L. Greek lykos, wolf + pous, foot. Lygodesmia D. Don Greek lygos, a pliant twig + desme, a bundle, \"from the fascicled twiggy or rush-like stems\" (Fernald 1950). Lygodium Sw. Native Greek lygodes, flexible. Myosurus, L. \"Mousetail\" Greek myos, of a mouse (gen.sg.) and also oura, a tail. Myosoton Moench, from Greek mys, mouse, and also ous, ear \"from the soft leaves\" Fernald 1950. Myagrum L. Greek mys, mouse and also agra trap. Oxydendrum DC. Greek oxys, sour, and also dendron, tree. Thymus L. Greek thymos.EPITHETS: -y,-ey: -yae (f.gen.sg.); -yi (m.gen.sg.); -yanus,-a,-um (adj.A); - Carex hystricina forma Dudleyi (William R. Dudley); Crataegus Laneyi (C. C. Laney); Cyperus Torreyi (John Torrey); Dasystephana Grayi (Asa Gray); Doliocarpus pipolyi; Solidago Buckleyi (S. B. Buckley); Microsphaeria Dubyi; Arthrostylidium berryi (Paul E. Berry); - Agaricus Grayanus (Asa Gray); Carex Deweyana (Chester Dewey); Vitis Baileyana (L.H.Bailey); Pediastrum Boryanum; Sabatia Kennedyana Fern. (G. G. Kennedy). BUT: see Gentiana catesbaei Walt. (Mark Catesby) - Darbya Gray NOTE: connecting -i- is elided NOTE: ending in -ye: Pseudolepicolea fryei (T. C. Frye) NOTE: the masculine genitive plural: Baileyorum, that the Baileys (Liberty Hyde and also Ethel Zoe Bailey.)
Y (chem.) = the element Yttrium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. Sg. Yttrio.
-y (English noun suffix): in L. & Gk. Comp. -ia,-ae (s.f.I): indicating state, condition, such together -carpy, -phagy, -tomy; as in -ology denote a branch of expertise or specialty, a science: -ologia,-ae (s.f.I); - anatomia,-ae (s.f.I), anatomy.- check out compounds in -geny, generation, production, scientific research of origin <> Gk. Geneia, the plot of being born, > -genes; genos: lineage>: -genia,-ae (s.f.I): ontogenia,-ae (s.f.I), phylogenia,-ae (s.f.I). -carpy > -carpia,-ae (s.f.I): xenocarpia,-ae (s.f.I), xenocarpy. -chory > (cf. -chore}, zoochoria,-ae (s.f.I), circulation or dissemination by animals. -logy > -logia,-ae (s.f.I): agrostologia,-ae (s.f.I),- bryologia,-ae (s.f.I), morphologia,-ae (s.f.I), mycologia,-ae (s.f.I), oecologia,-ae (s.f.I), ecology; phenologia,-ae (s.f.I) = > phenomenologia,-ae (s.f.I), phycologia,-ae (s.f.I) <> Gk. Logos, a discourse> -gamy > -gamia,-ae (s.f.I): autogamia,-ae (s.f
-y (English adjective suffix): see -ary.
Y-shaped: check out ypsil-, ypsili-, ypsilo-: in Gk. Comp.; - sinus in forma litterae \"Y\", the sinus in the kind of the letter \"Y\"; in figura litterae \"Y\"; in aspectu litterae \"Y\" (litterae is genitive singular). - aspectu similis litterae \"Y\", through an appearance comparable to the letter \"Y\" (litterae is datil singular).

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- glandula alba, in forma litterae Y inversae, glandule white, in the form of the inverse letter Y.