A gerund phrase is a expression consisting that a gerund and also any modifiers or objects connected with it.

You are watching: A gerund consists of to plus the present form of the verb.

A gerund is a noun made from a verb root plus ing (a present participle). A totality gerund phrase attributes in a sentence similar to a noun, and can act as a subject, one object, or a predicate nominative.


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If you look increase the definition of gerund (pronounced JER-und), girlfriend will discover that it way “an English noun developed from a verb by adding -ing”; the is, a current participle supplied as a noun.


Traveling is a great way to expand your worldview.

My enthusiasm is reading.

My doctor says running to boost my health.

In all three of these examples, words finishing with -ing are acting together nouns. Traveling is the subject of the an initial sentence. In the second sentence, reading is a property nominative, a indigenous (or team of words) the completes a linking verb and renames the subject. The verb is, a form of the linking verb to be, is adhered to by reading, i beg your pardon renames the topic my passion. In the 3rd sentence, the gerund running is acting as the object of the verb suggests.

How carry out Gerund phrases Work? castle Act choose a Noun

Gerunds can appear alone or band in addition to other words to form a gerund phrase. Collectively, this phrase behaves prefer a single noun.


Both the gerund and the gerund phrase above function as topic nouns and also take the third-person singular verb is. We could substitute a non-gerund noun such as chess come mentally check its function.


Not Acting choose a Noun? that a participle Phrase

Gerund phrases can easily be perplexed with participle phrases. The is possible, for example, to encounter the gerund phrase us used over in a context where it is no acting like a noun. When supplied as a modifier—that is, together an adjective or adverb—it is now a jet phrase.


Here, running with scissors modifies the verb charged. It offers us more information around how Tim charged.

Gerund Phrases together Objects

Just as nouns sometimes duty as objects in a sentence, so have the right to gerund phrases.


In this sentence, the gerund phrase running v scissors is the direct object the the verb enjoys. We might easily replace it with a much easier object noun to confirm that it yes, really is an object.

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